Toyota started its production line at Bicutan, Parañaque, in 1988. In 1996, another plant started operations, located at Sta. Rosa, Laguna. Corolla, Camry, and the Tamaraw Revo, an AUV (Asian Utility Vehicle) are being produced here.
The Philippine Toyota workers have been struggling for more than a decade in advancing the very fundamental rights of workers to form a union. But the Philippine Toyota did not want to give any chances to have a genuine, militant and nationalist trade unionism in his company.
In 1998, TMPCWA was registered and TMPCWA won a certification election in order to be recognized as the sole and exclusive bargaining agent of the rank and file workers of TMPC (Toyota Motor Philippines Corporation) in March 2001.
After winning in the Certification Election, the Toyota management never
stopped to challenge every decision of the Court, from the lower body to
the final decisions of the Department of Labor. The Secretary of Labor
and Employment issued the decision denying the appeal of the Toyota management
and declared the TMPCWA as the Sole and Exclusive Bargaining Agent for
all the rank and file workers of Toyota.
In March 16, 2001 Decision of the Secretary Patricia Sto. Tomas, the Union submitted a CBA proposal to the Toyota Management and wrote a letter, requesting for a CBA negotiation. On this very same day, the company did not allow the workers to enter the company premises.
The Union had nothing to do but to defend the workers from illegal dismissal of the management. The union staged a two weeks picket protest to give time to the company to reinstate the workers. But the management remained in his pride not to reinstate the dismissed workers. What the union did was to stage a strike in defense to the illegally dismissed workers. The strike happened in March 28, 2001.
Immediately after this, the Toyota management, together with some Japanese
TNC's threatened the Philippine Government to pull out their investment
if the labor dispute would become worst. The Secretary of the Department
of Labor Patricia Sto. Tomas, then, assumed jurisdiction and issued a Return
to Work Order with an option for the company to choose whether or not to
accept the workers who joined the strike. Some 227 union members and officers
were not accepted to work by the management and were put in the payroll
TMPCWA has been forced to struggle fiercely inside and outside of the factory for these five years.
In September 2003, the Supreme Court issued a resolution enabling TMPCWA to request TMPC to sit at the negotiating table, and the
ILO Recommendation (Case No.2252), 1) reinstate dismissed union members; 2) lift criminal cases to the leaders
and members of the union; 3) start the CBA-negotiation; and 4) recognize
TMPCWA and Protest Toyota Campaign (Support Groups for TMPCWA) jointly
filed a complaint about TMPC and TMC (Toyota Motors Corporation Japan )
over the infringement of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises to OECD's national contact point (Second International Organization, Division
Economic Affairs Bureau, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan) in March
2004. However, the National Contact Point in Japan has not even issued
the result of its initial assessment yet after 2 year.
The House of Representatives of the Philippines also began to act to resolve the dispute on January 20th, 2005, the House Committee on Labor and Employment opened a public hearing inviting both the employer and the employees in order to research the alleged unfair labour practices of TMPC. However, TMPC did not attended the hearing causing the House Committee to announce that it would issue a subpoena to firmly request TMPC to attend next time.
The Philippine Toyota did not obey, but rather it endlessly disrespects the decision of the Supreme Court of the Philippines and International Labor Organization. More than ever it intensified its anti-union behavior by forming a company dominated union TMPCLO (Toyota Motor Philippines Corporation Labor Organization) and filed another Petition for Certification Election that was entertained by the Department of Labor and Employment.
The Toyota management gives full support to its sponsored union by allowing them to use some facilities of the company, for instance, the training rooms to launch meetings exclusive only for its members, discriminating against the members and officers of TMPCWA.